Our team of experienced ecologists and technical specialists, work across the UK and Ireland to support our clients through every stage of the development and planning process. We collect and evaluate data, assess impacts, design ecological mitigation, and provide reports and plans to inform your projects. We offer ecological expertise from initial site assessment through to implementation of mitigation and consultation with LPA’s (Local Planning Authorities) and statutory nature conservation organisations.

Our extensive range of capabilities means we are able to deliver a comprehensive terrestrial and aquatic ecology service for our clients and call upon our industry-leading inhouse capabilities in remote sensing and aerial surveys to support in producing exceptional mapping detail and accuracy. This ensures we can undertake surveys, even where access restrictions or difficult terrain would normally be a constraint.


Ecology Services include:

  • Phase 1 Habitat Surveys
  • Preliminary Ecological Appraisal (PEA)
  • Protected Species Surveys
  • Ecological Clerk of Works (ECoW) Services
  • Ecological Impact Assessments (EcIA)
  • Habitat Regulations Assessments (HRA)
  • Invasive species surveys
  • National Vegetation Classification
  • eDNA survey for Great Crested Newts
  • Development licence applications
  • Consultation with SNCO (Statutory Nature Conservation Organisations)
  • Biodiversity Net Gain guidance
  • Natural Capital

Our expert team can further support your project by providing ecological input into Construction Environmental Management Plans (CEMPs), Risk Assessment Method Statements (RAMS) and Landscape & Ecology Management Plans (LEMPs).

Slow worm

We regularly work with and under the different UK and Irish regulatory frameworks including Natural Resources Wales, Natural England, and Nature Scotland  to deliver development licence applications and consult on behalf  of our clients to secure positive outcomes for projects and nature conservation.

Preliminary Ecological Appraisal (PEA)

A PEA is generally the first survey undertaken at a site and is undertaken at the outset of the development planning process. Our experienced team of ecologists carry out desk studies and conduct site assessments, including Phase 1 Habitat Surveys, to identify ecological features and determine constraints on site at an early stage. Once completed, the team can then assess the need for any further targeted surveys and make recommendations in line with client programmes.


Protected Species Surveys

The ecology team include licence holders for bats, great crested newts and dormice who can provide advice and support to ensure our clients receive timely and proportionate advice. We conduct a broad range of species surveys to determine presence of a species on site, demonstrate how species use an area and provide guidance to develop mitigation plans or inform licence applications, including:

  • Bats (all species)
  • Amphibians (including great crested newts)
  • Badger
  • Reptiles
  • Dormouse
  • Water vole
  • Otter
  • White clawed crayfish
  • Breeding birds

Ecological Clerk of Works (ECoW) Services
An Ecological Clerk of Works (ECoW) or Environmental Clerk of Works (EnvCoW) provides advice about ecological and environmental issues during the construction of a development. Typical issues include protected species, pollution, surface water management, material management, air quality and noise.

APEM perform Clerk of Works for many clients across several industries including water and construction. As well as being able to provide in person work, the team are equipped to make the most of technology and can also support with a range of virtual services.

Ecological Impact Assessments (EcIA)
The team provide baseline, ecological impact assessments and reports to inform the ecological aspects of EIA, including at the screening and scoping stages. We work across a wide range of sectors to ensure ecological impacts and assessment of alternatives are fully considered and can advise on appropriate mitigation and compensation measures, as well as delivering monitoring and mitigation plans. Visit our Environmental Impact Assessment page to find out more.

Habitat Regulations Assessments (HRA)
We have a wealth of experience in carrying out HRAs and work with a broad range of clients on terrestrial as well as marine, coastal, freshwater designated sites such as SAC’s (Special Areas of Conservation) and SPA’s (Special Protection Area), where a HRA is required.  Our assessments and studies allow clients to provide information required by regulators as part of an HRA. Visit our Habitat Regulations Assessments page to find out more.


Biodiversity Net Gain guidance

Biodiversity Net Gain is an approach to development that leaves biodiversity in a measurably better state than before. It requires developers to ensure habitats for wildlife are enhanced via a demonstrable increase in habitat value compared to the pre-development baseline. APEM’s highly experienced experts can work with you and provide guidance on achieving positive net gain through increasing natural habitats and ecological features as part of the development process.

If you have any queries, please contact Dr Jessica Kent , Principal Ecologist.
Alternatively you can email us here. Or call 0161 442 8938.